Άlvaro Siza vieira builds hillside chapel in portugal without electricity, heat or running water
Mis à jour : 8 janv. 2020
Άlvaro siza vieira has built the capela do monte, a small hillside chapel in algarve, portugal, without electricity, heat or running water. the beige-colored structure has a footprint of 10.34 by 6.34 meters and relies on natural ventilation and materials such as insulated brick, limestone and tiles to keep it cool in the summer and warm in the winter. siza has drawn from the work of egyptian architect hassan fathy, who pioneered the use of natural ventilation systems, as the area where the chapel is located shares a similar climate and topography with north africa. capela do monte, documented below by joão morgado, is described by the architect as ‘a pure architectural project’ and marks his first building in this particular part of portugal.
Αccessible only by way of a footpath, the chapel acts as the focal point of the monte da charneca center, a privately funded initiative that will offer visitors to portugal’s algarve region a peaceful, spirit-restoring retreat. siza has designed the chapel’s cross, altar, bench and chairs, while he has also made drawings for three tile murals that depict scenes from the life of jesus christ: his birth, his baptism and his death. the small structure is completed with a churchyard of roughly the same size, which extends the chapel to the west.